Monday, May 25, 2020
The concept of tragedy has experienced significant change over the last few centuries. Yet despite human fascination with the concept it appears there is no consensus on what defines true tragedy. The classical notion is that a tragedy tells the tale of a tragic hero, a virtuous character who due to a tragic flaw is fated to an unhappy ending (usually death) that inspires fear and pity within the audience. However, there is the argument that tragedy does not have to follow such regulations. A hero need not be virtuous and divine, their tale does not have to be filled with death, and common person struggling in the world can possess a tragic story. There is some validity to both ideas, yet both focus too much on the idea of what characters and specific situations warrant the title of tragedy and not the idea that matters most of all. By the end of a tragic piece the question is whether or not there is despair or hope. Looking at William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet and Henrik IbsenÃ¢â ¬â¢s A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House it is clear that both possess certain tragic aspects. The protagonists of both piecesÃ¢â¬â¢ experience suffering due to a similar flaw and both plays inspire feelings of pity and fear. Yet the main aspect that separates the two is the defining feeling the audience takes away at the end. While Hamlet ends in despair and unhappiness, A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House possess a hint of hope for the future. Yet if a tragedy instills a feeling of such possibility, then it misses the defining characteristic of theShow MoreRelatedComparing Nora From A Doll s House And Ophelia From The Tragedy Of Hamlet2915 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesA WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Life is Tragic: Comparing Nora from A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House and Ophelia from The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark and Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s play A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House are both deemed tragedies, and thus in nature share many similarities. While common knowledge of what characteristics distinguish tragedy from other genres can lead readers and audiences alike to determine that ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ophelia is a tragic character, it is much more difficult
Friday, May 15, 2020
This example problem demonstrates how to convert nanometers to angstroms. Nanometers (nm) and angstromsÃ (Ãâ¦) are both linear measurements used to express extremely small distances. Conversion Problem The spectraÃ of the element mercury have a bright green line with a wavelength of 546.047 nm. What is the wavelength of this light in angstroms? Solution 1 nm 10-9 m1 Ãâ¦ 10-10 m Set up the conversion so the desired unit will be canceled out. In this case, we want angstroms to the remaining unit. wavelength in Ãâ¦ (wavelength in nm) x (1 Ãâ¦/10-10 m) x (10-9 m/1 nm)wavelength in Ãâ¦ (wavelength in nm) x (10-9/10-10) Aring/nm)wavelength in Ãâ¦ (wavelength in nm) x (10 Aring/nm)wavelength in Ãâ¦ (546.047 x 10) Ãâ¦wavelength in Ãâ¦ 5460.47 Ãâ¦ Answer The green line in mercurys spectra has a wavelength of 5460.47 Ãâ¦ It may be easier to remember there are 10 angstroms in 1 nanometer. This would mean a conversion from nanometers to angstroms would mean moving the decimal place one place to the right.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Hinduism Introduction Hinduism is a religion that originated in India and is still practiced by most of the Natives as well as the people who have migrated from India to other parts of the world. Statistically there are over seven hundred million Hindus, mainly in Bharat, India and Nepal. Eighty five percent of the population in India is Hindu. The word Hindu comes from an ancient Sanskrit term meaning dwellers by the Indus River, referring to the location of Indias earliest know civilization, the Pakistan. There is not much organization and hierarchy is nonexistent. The religion suggests commitment to or respect for an ideal way of life know as Dharma. Hinduism absorbs foreign ideas and beliefs making it have aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the medieval times the Hindus evolved into having philosophers, plays and music with their religion. A man named Chaitanya came into power and claimed to have a god reincarnated inside of him. In the 19th century, movements to reconcile traditional Hinduism with the social reforms and political ideas of the day took place. Many people where sent out to Europe and Asia preaching and spreading the religion. Throughout all these periods of time, the religion mutated and changed to fit with the times and as it did it just kept gathering more and more followers. Hinduism Today Today there are numerous self proclaimed teachers who have migrated to Europe and the United States, where they have inspired large followings. In India Hinduism thrives despite all the reforms and shortcuts made in the practicing due to the gradual modernization and urbanization of Hindu life. Hinduism continues to serve vital function by giving passionate meaning to the Hindus of today. Beliefs and Practices Caste System The ideal way of life is referred to as the duties of ones class and station. In the phrase the word class is changed to CASTE. The ancient texts tell of four great classes, or castes: the Brahmins, or priests; the Ksatriyas, or warriors and rulers; the Vaisayas, or merchants and farmers; and the Sudras, or peasants and laborers. A fifth class, Panchamas, or untouchables, are people whose jobs make them touch unclean or unholy objects.Show MoreRelatedHinduism : Hinduism And Hinduism1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPart One: Hinduism Worldview Hinduism is a panetheism belief system in which there are over 330 million different deities. They have a large number of different sects (Hindson and Caner 262-265). Hinduism starts with 3 Trimurti, or deities and ends with over 330 million different gods (Hindson and Caner 262-265). With an estimated 850 million followers (Halverson 1-8) . Hindus strongly believe in reincarnation, and karma. They believe that untill one reaches the highest state of purity, they willRead MoreHinduism And Buddhism And Hinduism1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSo far weÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned about Hinduism and Buddhism in India two of the most common religions found in India. One of the many things about learning about different culture is the religion that is come with. Religion is one of the many things that are unique to each and every culture. Religion views are what make a group of individuals come together and form a community. In core 7 we are learning about Hinduism and Buddhism learning about India and their religion views has helped me see the world inRead MoreHinduism, Hinduism And Buddhism1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesafterlife has become a controversial subject across many religions. Religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism have provided a multitude of similar and different analysis behind their specific beliefs and practices. Similar to many religions practiced around the world, Hinduism portrays a great amount of belief in worshipping gods that they believe play a special role in their history. Though when speaking of Hinduism, I should mention that it does not consist of a single, dominant religion. It is aRead MoreHinduism : Buddhism And Hinduism1045 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoutheast Asia, particularly India, is the birthplace of many religions. India is where these two religions arose: Buddhism and Hinduism. Hinduism is a very ancient belief system derived from the lifestyle of Southeast Asia. It still has a strong presence in its place of origin and it is characterized as a family of religions. An offspring of Hinduism, Buddhism is also a family of religions, except it has less of a strong presence in its place of birth. Yet, situated to the East area of the worldRead MoreHinduism, Islam, And Hinduism Essay1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthese principles often have a primary theme that they tend to suppor t. The major religions that are practiced b many people across the world are Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism. The three religions are practiced in different parts of the world depending on the beliefs of the population in a particular part of the world. Hinduism is a religion that is dominant in South Asia. In particular, the Hindu religion is mostly practiced in India than in other countries. Ranked as the third largest religionRead MoreSimilarities Between Hinduism And Hinduism1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesboth fall under the religions of Hinduism. Not only do the details of the pieces help explain the art, but so does the culture and the religion practiced at the time the piece was made. Hinduism is a major religion in India that is practiced by almost everyone. This is where they believe in one supreme being that has many different aspects. People who donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand Hinduism commonly mistake it with Buddhism due to the fact they share similar beliefs. Hinduism has the most affect on the cultureRead MoreBuddhism Vs Hinduism : Hinduism1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBuddhism vs Hinduism Hinduism and Buddhism are two religions that are very open and tolerant of all people. They are religons that believe in acceptance of all and open-mindedness of other religons. Hinduism is the oldest religion on the planet that has been well established and still has a large following. To put it into perspective if religons were under 100 years old Hinduism would be 80 and Judaism and Christianity would still be in their 20s or 30s. Buddhism is also a long-standing religionRead MoreSimilarities Between Hinduism And Hinduism1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages and Buddha. Buddhism and Hinduism are two of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s oldest religion. Since Buddhism developed from Hinduism they can be very similar however, they are not the same because both religions have different types of rituals, founders, and gods. They also have different views on life and enlightenment. In this paper I will discuss the foundations and practices of both religions and then move into a discussion comparing and c ontrasting the two religions. Hinduism is a very interesting religionRead MoreBuddhism, Hinduism, And Hinduism1817 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMost of these religions are based off the belief in a god, or have a moral code that they need to follow in order to appease their god or achieve salvation in the afterlife. Three religions that will be highlighted here are Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. In each of these three religions, they all share some religious tenets, or beliefs, that is universally accepted amongst all religions around the world and throughout history. Some of these tenets include the belief in a god or a Supreme Being.Read MoreSimilarities Between Hinduism And Hinduism Essay902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChristianity Versus Hinduism Christianity and Hinduism, are two of the worlds oldest religions. Although they are very different religions they share one main goal; salvation. However, their idea of salvation and what they have to do ,and what must be done to attain salvation are very different. Two main similarities between the Hindu religion and Christian religion are referred to by different titles; nevertheless they are represented by the same action. One example of these similarities would
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theCognitive Ergonomics for the Interaction on Human Sensory System and Machines. Answer: Introduction Interaction of people all over the world has facilitated sharing of information and the integration of ideas and cultures. This has led to the interaction of economies and markets hence increasing the level of competition faced organisations. In an attempt to have a competitive advantage, technology has developed providing firms with the ability to develop new products and production methods. Machines have been assembled to make work easier and reduce overall operational costs. It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that the human workforce interacts effectively with machines. This paper explores the human sensory system and how it can interact with the computer system to improve productivity. A sensory system comprises of receptors and neural pathways that facilitate the transmission of stimuli to the part of the brain responsible for perception. There exist various neural systems responsible for vision, hearing, taste, touch, smell and movement. The human sensory responds to both internal and external stimuli where vision is responsible for eighty percent of a persons information while hearing accounts for fifteen percent. The human eye forms the largest part of the vision sensory system. The eye acquires details of an object such as its size and colour. To determine the size and shape of an object, the cornea absorbs light, and the pupils adapt accordingly to illumination. The lens, in turn, adjusts to focus the form to the retina. The retina also includes receptors that identify colour before transmitting this data to the occipital lobe responsible for processing the data into information necessary for perception. The following are crucial properties of the receptor cells; Visual acuity- this relates to the amount of detail that a human can resolve Sensitivity- it refers to the amount of light that the human eye requires to stimulate the receptor cells. Colour sensitivity- it is the ability of the eye to differentiate colours by their wavelengths. Adaptation- the receptors cells adapt differently to the amount of light they get exposed to. This sensory system has been incorporated in developing machine systems such as traffic lights. They aid in running traffic to avoid delays and accidents. The colours used to denote various signs have long wavelengths making them easily visible. This ensures that despite one's ability to differentiate colours, they can still react as expect (Bach-y-Rita, Kercel, 2003). Contrast sensitivity has also been incorporated by using luminous colours that are used to marks roads and bumps and for life jackets worn by road construction workers and motorcycle riders. Light colours are easy to see at night. The auditory system, on the other hand, is responsible for hearing. The ear contains the receptor cells while the temporal lobe is process data collected. The hearing process starts in the outer ear that receives information on the location of a sound. The middle ear amplifies the sound waves while the inner ear transforms the sound energy into electrical nerve energy. It differentiates various sounds by vibrating according to the audio frequency received. The receptor cells in a human ear provide data on; Frequency- this is the perceived pitch. The human eye can see sounds of frequencies between 20Hz- 20000Hz Intensity- this relates to the loudness of a sound. Alarms employ the working of a human ear to ensure that the desired information is received. The loudness and frequency of the sound they produce ensure that the perception of the message facilitates people to run away from the danger. The sense of touch identifies stimuli such as the change in pressure and temperature in the environment and detects pain. Receptor cells are located in the skin. Touch can be subdivided into soft and hard contact. Tactile (soft) sensing is responsible for discrimination and manipulation of objects. It does so by detecting contact, identifying the texture of the surface, and manipulating the tool identified. Hard touch, on the other hand, relates to the amount of force that should be applied in the manipulation of an object. It relays information on properties of an object to the brain. Touch is employed in operating all sizes of devices. Smartphones work by sensing direct contact. The pressure applied in them determines the activity that a user is willing to carry out. Besides, large machines operate by employing mechanical energy (Bach-y-Rita Kercel, 2003). The amount of force to be applied depends on the information the hard touch relays to the brain. Pilots control planes by using their hard touch to operate the control panel. Vestibular senses are responsible for movement and balance. They detect motion, acceleration, and turning. Otoliths are small particles contained in the saccule and utricle. They are responsible for detecting motion and stimulating vestibular reflexes that maintain balance. The utricle is sensitive to lateral acceleration while saccule provides information on vertical acceleration. Devices such as cars work on the ability of humans to maintain balance. They stimulate vestibular reflexes that are utilised it controlling them (Bach-y-Rita Kercel, 2003). Vestibular senses have also been seen in action where a person performs a task without looking and by little stimulation. Having understood the visual systems of human beings, technology has developed incorporating the working of these senses thus creating machines that people can easily manipulate. A human- machine system has, therefore, come into existence making it easier to work. The system has helped divide task between people and machines (Ellis, 2015). The human system employs its sensory, cognitive and motor ability while the machine system compliments the utilisation of these skills by processing data, displaying it and making control easier. Human system Machine system Sensory Display Cognitive Interface Processor Motor Control Human-machine system. People are actively involved in developing all kinds of devices. They make designs, use these machines to make their work easier and ensure that they are maintained to ensure their efficiency. Besides, they are responsible for identifying failures in technology and eliminating the errors. In developing machines, humans take into account how they fit with the human system. There are two main approaches employed to ensure a perfect fit; Display and control interface method- this is aimed to fit the machine system into the human system. It involves using human senses to provide data and create a link. This is evident in the working of communication technology. It also helps to monitor devices to avoid excessive workload. Training and selection- this entails fitting the human system into the machine system. This is achieved by training the users of devices on how to operate them and selecting those who are most qualified to run complex tools. Cognitive ergonomics studies work settings with the aim of optimising the operation of the human-machine systems. It considers the welfare of humans to improve the performance of the scheme. It focuses on matching the cognitive abilities and limits of people with the task at hand, the machine being used and the working environment. It also designs a sign that stimulates the general population to behave in a particular manner (Kaber, 2011). For example, a fire alarm ensures that people understand the danger and rush to the nearest exit of a building. The objectives of cognitive ergonomics; Reducing the time taken to accomplish a task, Minimize the number of mistakes made, Reduce time necessary to learn, Improve peoples appreciation of systems Cognitive ergonomics has, therefore, played a role in enhancing the performance of tasks by ensuring that the human-machine system is user centred. It has designed an information system that supports execution of tasks and developed programs to train users. Besides, it has created functions in a way that ensures that the input by people is reliable (Kaber, 2011). It ensures that the working environment has minimal distractions hence enhancing productivity and efficiency. Various models have been developed to support cognitive ergonomics. They all contain three basic dimensions which are usefulness, usability, and acceptance. Cognitive ergonomics ensures that users of a device can perform tasks with desired efficiency, effectiveness and achieve satisfaction. A cognitive system involves three main activities. Perception- this is utilisation of senses to acquire and process data into useful information Memory- this is the ability to remember and recognise information. It involves retrieving information from its storage. Thought- it involves processing information in working memory. In conclusion, cognitive ergonomics aims at ensuring smooth interaction of human functions and machine performance to achieve cognitive work. It is mainly user-centered to make sure that people can use machines efficiently, perform tasks with utmost efficiency and improve user satisfaction. It provides training programs that facilitate learning how to use devices. References Bach-y-Rita, P. W. Kercel, S. (2003). Sensory substitution and the humanmachineinterface. Trends In Cognitive Sciences, 7(12), 541-546. Ellis, J. (2015). Between Human and Machine: The Operating System. Journal Of Contemporary Archaeology, 2(1). Gescheider, A., Wright, J., Verrillo, R.(2010) information-Processing Channels in the Tactile Sensory System. New York. Taylor Francis group. Harris, D. (2009). Engineering psychology and cognitive ergonomics. Berlin: Springer. Holman, D. (2005). The essentials of the new workplace. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: JohnWiley Sons. Kaber, D. Boy, G. (2011). Advances in cognitive ergonomics. Boca Raton, FL: CRCPress/Taylor Francis. Kim, I. (2016). Cognitive Ergonomics and Its Role for Industry Safety Enhancements.Ergonomics, 6(4). McBride, D. Schmorrow, D. (2005). Quantifying human information processing. Lanham:Lexington Books. Mehrparvar, A. (2012). Cognitive ergonomics. Yamasaki, H. (2005). Intelligent sensors. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
The Titanic is one of the greatest and most known boat disaster in history. On April 19, 1912, the Titanic was making good time towards New York, when it scraped against an iceberg. It sunk three hours later, before any boats could come and rescue the passengers still aboard. As we look back on the disaster today, we see many ways in which the tragedy might have been prevented, or lessened in severity. On April 19, the Titanic scraped against an iceberg leaving six big holes. They measured six feet long, six feet wide, and were located on the left side of the boat. The Titanic was originally designed so three of her twelve air-tight compartments could be filled with water and she would still be able to float. When the holes were created though, six of the compartments were filled, and the boat began to sink (Titanic 1). Hours before they reached the danger zone, Titanics crew was warned several times about the ice, and advised to slow down, or take another route. After two hours of the warnings, the wireless messaging system was turned off so that they would not have to listen to, or to the warnings, and they continued in the same direction at the same speed as before (Ballard, Robert). The Titanic was a great ship at its time said Rebecca Renkola (Kelly Thomas). That is part of the reason why the disaster occurred. People thought it was unsinkable, so they made no special precautions. For example, there were only the minimum required number of lifeboats aboard, and when the boat sank, the average number aboard was twenty-eight, when the maximum capacity was sixty. The day before she sunk, the lifeboat drill was canceled because of the belief that the boat could and would not sink. If they had had the lifeboat drill, more people might have been boarded into the lifeboats, and more lives might have been saved,said Rebecca Renkola (Kelly Thomas). Another way the disaster could have been prevented, was that if the crew had slowed the boat down, and not tried to show off by arriving early in New York, the boat might have been able to steer clear of the ice.. The belief most people have in how the Titanic sank, is because it hit an iceberg, Causing six holes, and then sank. But is that really what happened? According to a legend, the mummy of Princess of Amen-Ra, was thrown into the Nile River, and then found by four English men hundreds of years later. They transported the mummy to England, and within a week, every one of them died supposedly because of a curse. Once in England, the mummy was moved to a museum, but everyone who helped died just like the Four English men. Finally, after costing many lives, the mummy was placed on display. Still the restless spirit haunted the museum by ruining other exhibits,and killing the watchman at night. Eventually, the museum management sold the mummy to an English collector. Knowing that it would not be taken aboard the boat, he arranged for it to be hidden in the body of an automobile which was also bound for New York. On the day of her maiden voyage, the English man boarded with the boat with other first class passengers, and the voyage began. On April 19, knowing that there was no way to discard the mummy, the English man told the other passengers about his cursed cargo. Immediately, the boat picked up its speed and changed course. In a few hours, the boat struck an iceberg and began to sink to its present position at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. The boats name was the Titanic (Titanic 2). The majority of the survivors were women and children. In the first class, 54 men and 145 women survived, leaving 119 men and 11 women dead. In the second class, 15 men and 104 women survived, but 142 men, and 24 women were never accounted for. In the third class, the number of surviving men was 69 and for women 105, but 417 men and 119 women lost their lives. Titanics crew was made of 876 men, and the water 682 lives (Kelly Thomas).
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Gangs of new york immigration, racial tension and violence essays Immigration, racial tension, and violence are something that is experienced today and back in the 1860s. In the movie Gangs of New York, it portrays the same way the immigrants were treated in the 1860s as well as today. In the movie the racial tension and violence was toward the Irish immigrants whereas today, it is shown and portrayed by all racial minorities. However, compared to the 1860s all three of those aspects improved both positively and negatively to today. Immigration has improved over the last 140 years because now instead of having to go through Ellis Island to be considered a US citizen you can go through the Naturalization process. The Naturalization process includes many simple things you need to do to be allowing permanent residency. For example, you need to live in the states for at least 5 years, be present in the US for 30 months out of the 5 years, and live in a state or district for at least 3 months. You also need to pass the test given on the basic information about the United States and the state you live in. Additionally, the Customs service doesnt make you have to change your name like the workers on Ellis Island did if your name was too hard to pronounce. An example from the movie of positive immigration would be when Bill the Butcher accepted Amsterdam as a native to New York after Priest Vallon was murdered also by Bill the Butcher. On the other hand, immigration is also handled extremely negatively in todays society. In todays day in age, it is much, much easier to sneak across the borders into the states than it was back in the 1860s. There are a significant amount of illegal aliens in the country compared to the 1860s. We also need more security around the borders for people who try to sneak in. There are a lot of criminals who also try to get across the borders into other states as well as people who try to smuggle...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
History of pubilc procurement - Term Paper Example It is also considered as the main element in the way public funds are utilized, hence enhancing public trust in procurement (Beth & OECD 19). Public procurement has been in existence since 1778 and has led to the implementation of public procurement law, which regulates the purchasing made by public sectors that contract goods, services and work. Public procurement is regulated in most countries to avoid corruption, fraud, and waste; indeed, public tenders are issued by a public authority when the value of procurement exceeds the required threshold. Today, public procurement is becoming more complex, forcing the public procurement officials to deal with the changing issues based on fairness, transparency, integrity, and equity, which are the principles of public procurement (Beth & OECD 18). The History of Public Procurement According to Thai (13), the first purchasing action was conducted in 1778, with the approval of the continental congress on the appointment of purchasing commiss ionaires. By the end of that year, the purchasing officers had been placed on a salary, with an aim of avoiding fraud. The congress thereafter passed a Purchasing Act, which permitted war and treasury departments to make purchases in the name of the United States. The first procurement was made in 1794 for the new United States navy; however, this procurement was accompanied by negative experiences, which led to the implementation of purveyor of Public Supplies Act, a procurement legislation that was the basis for military procurement. Misconducts and fraud cases led to the implementation of Public Contract Act of 1808, which warned members of the congress from using government contracts for personal interest (Thai 13). In the United States, public procurement organizations vary with the size of the government units; however, it has a complicated procurement structure. The federal procurement operates within a democratic framework, which is under the legislative, judiciary, and exec utive branches. Nevertheless, the courts are not involved in setting procurement policies and rules; however, they try the legal cases that involve contract disputes. The congress passes the laws that establish procurement policies and procedures; it also allocates specified funds for the procurement purposes within the time required (Thai 19). Public procurement also encounters several challenges. This function has a great impact on the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy; hence, efficient handling of public procurement has proved to be a challenge. Ensuring that the principles of public procurement are followed to the later is also a challenging task. This includes ensuring that fair competition for the bidders is granted, promoting transparency, and ensuring that the allocated loans are used for the specified purposes only. Thirdly, public procurement is associated with fraud, waste, and corruption, hence a major challenge for a country. In addition, public procurement practitioners face th e challenge of complying with their home government regulations without violating the international trade agreements like the World Trade Organization (WTO). Today, the government has enacted several laws pertaining to public procurement, among them being the Public Act whose aim is to enact laws relating to public contracts. An example is the federal acquisition regulation and agency, which provides uniform procedures for federal agency acquisitions. The Truth in Negotiation Act of 1962 establishes rules that